The use of development funds for de-risking private investment: how effective is it in delivering development results?
This study published by the European Parliament was requested by the Development committee.
Authors: Kate BAYLISS, SOAS University of London, UK; Bruno BONIZZI, University of Hertfordshire, UK; Ourania
DIMAKOU, SOAS University of London, UK; Christina LASKARIDIS, SOAS University of London, UK; Farwa SIAL, Global
Development Institute, University of Manchester; Elisa VAN WAEYENBERGE, SOAS University of London, UK.
The use of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to mobilise private finance is increasingly seen as essential to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Numerous development agencies have set up diverse de-risking initiatives to attract private investment to development projects and the EU is planning to scale up blending support in the near future. Such measures have reportedly been successful in raising private finance and in improving development outcomes, but there are concerns with this approach. Private shareholders may receive funds at the expense ofsectors and regions where they are most needed. Funds remain insufficient to plug
the SDG funding gap. Blending can create longer-term risks for development agencies and costs for recipient governments. Traditional evaluations often do not capture the full impact of such policies. Furthermore, there is an opportunity cost to using ODA in this way and blending may promote the perspective of financial investors over development outcomes.